Nursing processes used in the treatment of patients with bipolar disorder

Betrokken instelling

Adhesie GGZ, Rivierduinen, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen

Betrokken personen

  • Drs. P.J.J. Goossens
  • Dr. E.A.M. Knoppert- van der Klein
  • Prof. Dr. T. van Achterberg

Startdatum en looptijd

Start 2005, afgerond.

Achtergrond van het onderzoek

Psychiatric nurses are increasingly being involved in the provision of care for outpatients with bipolar disorder. Examination of mental health care programs provided by a number of different organizations has shown the professional contributions of nurses to not be described at all or only very briefly. This can also be observed in existing psychiatric guidelines, which in the absence of usable nursing research evidence, revert back to existing consensus documents.

Doelstelling van het project

The establishment of a body of knowledge for the nursing of patients with a bipolar disorder is vital for the development of integrated evidence-based treatment.

Hoe wordt het onderzoek uitgevoerd?

The literature for the period January 1980 to January 2006 is reviewed. A sensitive literature search included not only the nursing care based on research results but also nursing care based on experiences acquired by practicing nurses.

Zijn er al (voorlopige) resultaten?

The results show that formal research on the nursing of patients with a bipolar disorder is remarkably limited. Three quantitative studies were identified in five articles and six qualitative studies addressing a broad range of topics. The remainder of articles meeting the inclusion criteria contained mostly descriptive reports.

An overview is presented of the nursing processes used during the euthymic stage of a bipolar disorder and during an acute episode of (hypo)mania. No specific nursing processes for acute episodes of bipolar depression are described in the literature. The results show hardly any evidence for the described nursing processes.

Goossens, P. J. J., van Achterberg, Th., & Knoppert-van der Klein, E. A. M. (2007) Nursing processes used in the treatment of patients with bipolar disorder. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing 16, 168-177.